By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams identified in basic terms because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic system and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, without notice ceased to exist, in addition to writing structures, expertise, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have triggered such common breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the explanations of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the tip was once led to by means of a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and rebellion to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of foreign exchange routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it was once their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a dismal age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the newest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the advanced ties that gave upward push to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra info for 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed
He won the battle at Megiddo and took prisoner hundreds of German and Turkish soldiers, without any loss of life except for a few of his horses. He later admitted that he had read James Breasted’s English translation of Thutmose III’s account, leading Allenby to decide to replicate history. 44 The Mitannian kingdom kept growing and assimilating other nearby areas, such as the Hurrian kingdom of Hanigalbat. Consequently, it was known by several names, depending upon the time period and who was writing or talking about it.
1200 BC. Partway through this period, in about 1700 BC, the island was hit by a devastating earthquake that required the rebuilding of the palaces at Knossos and elsewhere on the island. 1200 BC. Sir Arthur Evans began excavating on Crete after tracking down the source of so-called milk stones that he found for sale in the marketplace of Athens. ” The stones had symbols engraved upon them that Evans had never seen before, but which he recognized as writing. He traced them back to a buried site at Knossos (Kephala Hill) Of Arms and the Man • • • 21 near the major modern city of Heraklion on Crete—a site that Heinrich Schliemann, the excavator of Troy, had tried to purchase and excavate, but to no avail.
44 The Mitannian kingdom kept growing and assimilating other nearby areas, such as the Hurrian kingdom of Hanigalbat. Consequently, it was known by several names, depending upon the time period and who was writing or talking about it. ” Its capital city, Washukanni, has never been found. It is one of the very few such ancient Near Eastern capitals that has so far eluded archaeologists, despite tantalizing clues in the archaeological record and in ancient texts. 45 According to various texts, the population of this kingdom was about 90 percent local Hurrians, as they were called, ruled over by the remaining 10 percent; these were the Mitannian overlords, seemingly of Indo- European stock.