By George Hart
Scholars of archaeology, visitors, viewers to museums and all these attracted to mythology will price this entire guide. It information the key gods and goddesses and provides a huge survey of others, giving a vibrant photograph of the complexity and richness of the imagery of Egyptian mythology.
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Extra resources for Egyptian gods and goddesses - the routledge dictionary
7 Amun beyond the first cataract of the Nile In Nubia temples were built in honour of Egypt’s sovereign god as part of a deliberate policy of creating an extended imperium in the south, developed primarily to secure routes to the gold deposits. So ingrained did the worship of Amun become in Nubia that even when the pharaohs lost control of their southern province, local dynasts continued to uphold the god’s cult. Consequently, in the eighth century BC the march of conquest northwards from just 20 Amun below the fourth cataract of the Nile into Egypt, by the Sudanese King Piye (Dynasty XXV), brought to the throne pharaohs who were staunch supporters of Amun, ready to enrich his monuments.
The essence of this legend consists of an explanation for three ritual images: a bovine statue worshipped in the northernmost nome (22) of Upper Egypt, whose most prominent deity was HATHOR, the fetish of an animal carcass on a pole (the ‘Imyut’ symbol), and a statue of Anti made of silver belonging to his temple in nome 12 of Upper Egypt. 24 Anti The following is a synopsis of the cause-and-effect factors in this myth. e. adfixes the head to the body. RA and the ENNEAD learn with Decapitation of Goddess by Anti Punishment of Anti Flayed skin of Anti Cow-headed statue in Atfih Silver statue of Anti in nome 12 Imyut symbol The papyrus states two occurrences which we can relate to each other: (i) Anti is wrapped up in linen bandages, his skin having been flayed off because of a crime committed in nome 22 of Upper Egypt at Atfih.
The Great Harris Papyrus, Dyn. XX, British Museum. platyra aegyptiaca). This image of the god was probably suggested by the ram’s procreative energy. ‘Woserhat’, the splendid, gilded, wooden festival boat of Amun ‘lord of the two horns’, had a ram’s head at its prow and stern, and the processional roads to his temple were flanked with crio-sphinxes (ram-headed lions) each one guarding between its front legs a statue of the pharaoh. The Greek historian Herodotus quotes an unlikely tale for the origin of the ram of Amun: the hero Herakles, eager to see the true form of Zeus (ϭ Amun), was finally given the opportunity; Zeus, however, deceived Herakles by disguising himself with a ram’s fleece – hence the iconography of a ram-headed deity.