By Paul N. Edwards
The technology in the back of worldwide warming, and its historical past: how scientists discovered to appreciate the ambience, to degree it, to track its previous, and to version its destiny.
Read Online or Download A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming PDF
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Extra info for A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming
30 But it is impossible to eliminate confounding factors completely. 31 Such an infrastructural change produces not only quantitative but also qualitative effects. For example, today’s climate information system collects much more information than was collected in the past. Surface data for (say) 1890–1900 were produced by a much smaller, much less well-distributed station network than data for (say) 1990–2000. In addition, however, today’s data network collects new kinds of data, including measurements from radiosondes (weather balloons) and satellite radiometers, which monitor the atmosphere’s vertical dimension.
These changes and many more Thinking Globally 21 affected the continuity, stability, and quality of their data records. 30 But it is impossible to eliminate confounding factors completely. 31 Such an infrastructural change produces not only quantitative but also qualitative effects. For example, today’s climate information system collects much more information than was collected in the past. Surface data for (say) 1890–1900 were produced by a much smaller, much less well-distributed station network than data for (say) 1990–2000.
Why did they see it as evidence, and where did they get the authority to say so? ) Finally, you will begin to ask how evidence comes to count as evidence in the ﬁrst place. How do communities interweave data, theories, and models, within their tapestries of culture and commitments, to make what we call knowledge? ) When you have gone deep enough, you may surrender your Cartesian dreams of total certainty in favor of trust founded in history, reputation, and fully articulated 4 Chapter 1 reasoning.