Ancient Egypt: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Ian Shaw

By Ian Shaw

The traditional Egyptians are an everlasting resource of fascination--mummies and pyramids, curses and rituals have captured our imaginations for generations. all of us have a psychological photo of old Egypt, yet is it the fitting one? How a lot will we quite find out about this as soon as nice civilization? during this soaking up advent, Ian Shaw, one of many optimum specialists on old Egypt, describes how our present principles approximately Egypt are established not just at the exciting discoveries made through early Egyptologists but additionally on attention-grabbing new forms of proof produced by way of glossy clinical and linguistic analyses. He additionally explores the altering affects on our responses to those reveals, by way of reading the effect of Egyptology on a variety of elements of pop culture comparable to literature, cinema, opera, and modern paintings. He considers all points of old Egyptian tradition, from tombs and mummies to the invention of artefacts and the decipherment of hieroglyphs, and from despotic pharaohs to animal-headed gods. From the final reader attracted to historical Egypt, to scholars and academics of historical heritage and archaeology, to museum-goers, this Very brief advent won't disappoint.

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It may have been during the reign of the 22nd-Dynasty ruler ‘Osorkon the elder’ (984–978) that Hadad the Edomite, stayed in Egypt. A later 22nd-Dynasty ruler Shoshenq I (945–924) is almost certainly the biblical Shishak, who is said to have pillaged Jerusalem and the temple of Solomon in 925. About two centuries later, the Egyptian prince Tefnakht of Sais, is said to have been contacted by Hosea, the ruler of Samaria, when he was looking for military aid in his struggles against an Assyrian invasion.

The biblical archaeology of Egypt was perhaps always doomed to be something of a blind alley, but undoubtedly in the early years of Egyptology both classical and biblical writings played the crucial role of familiar routes into an otherwise alien and largely incomprehensible landscape. The emergence of ‘Egyptology’ As with the question of the date at which European antiquarianism was superseded by archaeology, it is not easy to suggest a specific date when the writings of ‘early travellers’ and the collecting of Egyptian antiquities became transformed into something approaching the modern discipline of Egyptology.

In his excavation of the Naqada cemeteries in 1895 he found that virtually all of the graves comprised rectangular, sometimes brick-lined, pits containing one or more bodies in foetal positions, placed on reed mats with the head oriented towards the west. Occasionally the bodies appeared to have been deliberately dismembered before burial, and there were some indications of human sacrifice. The varying quantities of grave goods usually consisted of some combination of pottery, stone vessels, slate palettes, flint knives, beads, bracelets, and figurines.

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